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Assignment Questions

Chemical and Biological Terrorism

The paper should be an analysis of an issue critical to the development of the theory and practice of homeland security, research the issue, and prepare one credible recommendation related to future Homeland Security policy. The recommendation should be part of the conclusion.

The paper is a formal paper and the text should adhere to APA style. (title page, page numbers in the running heading, and an alphabetized and properly formatted reference list). Research paper and requires in-text citations and proper use of quotation marks for all cited material. 8 to 10, references, which are cited within the text. The paper must be between 2000 but no more than to 2500 words (excluding the front matter and reference list).

Please incorporate my Thesis and introduction into the paper:

“The advent of the 21st century has upgraded the nature of terrorism from the traditional wars and bombs, which makes chemical and biological weaponry some of the most potent options available for use in future attacks.”

The United States Government has identified the potential of chemical, biological, radiological and/or nuclear (termed CBRN) terrorism, especially after the September 11 attacks. They have been concerned ever since Sarin was used in a Tokyo subway (Aum Shinrikyo in 1995) and the anthrax case (in November 2001). The chances of terrorists resorting to these agents in warfare are pretty high considering their advantages over conventional methods. Most organizations fighting terrorism are not equipped well enough to detect such chemicals. A closed container can help most of them escape discovery. The low cost involved in their production increases the dangers manifold. Since most of the above agents affect the human body directly, they are essentially more efficient than conventional warfare.
Chemical weapons have four major classifications. Choking agents are aimed at being fatal and are easily accessible. Phosgene is one such industrial chemical agent. Blister agents are meant to leave its victims incapacitated rather than dead. Mustard gas and lewisite are just two examples used in the World War I. Most Blood agents are are cyanide based (such as Hydrogen Cyanide) and are directed towards individuals rather than a large number of people. The last category, Nerve agents include chemicals such as Sarin, Tabun and Soman, and are considered significantly more potent than the others. They can easily inflict damage over a large group of people. Biological weapons involve infectious agents such as bacteria (Inhalation Anthrax, Tularemia, Pneumonic Plague and Q-fever), viruses (Smallpox, Marburg fever and Venet Equine Enzephalitis) and toxins (Botulism, Ricin and SEB intoxication).

“Knowing all of the above, the United States must comprehend the consequences of potential future attacks and take steps to prepare and be the first to take action against the new and unconventional terrorist.”

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