Use the simplest, most efficient citation/format style.
6 double-spaced pages of text plus reference list. If you have maps or figures these can add another 2 pages, or be embedded in the text. You must use at least 5 references. References must come from credible sources…Wikipedia is only good for definitions, not main arguments.
You should use the Saunders text (Arrival City) as an initial reference if he refers to your city or one like it.
You can pursue some of the references he mentions or do Key word searches online.
Formats for sources are flexible–use what you are used to: footnotes or not, references numbered or not
**YOU MUST CONNECT each reference to the part(s) of the paper where it is used***.
e.g. Brown (2002) says or “Goma is overrun with war refugees (2) while Kampala has a stable population (5)”, when referring to references (2) & (5) in your reference list.
DELIVERABLE ‘For the following city:
1) How fast is the city (core or metropolitan area) increasing or decreasing in population? Which urbanization factors discussed in class (e.g. internal migration) are more (less) important? Is the population increase/decrease considered to be fast or slow?
2) What fraction of in-migration is related to the lure of the city, and how much is related to negative factors in the surrounding rural areas or further away?
OR, if there is out-migration, what are the push and pull factors in that case? (anecdotal evidence is fine here).
3) How much of any migration is internal migration (inside the country) and how much is immigration from (or emigration to) other countries? Is there a defined ARRIVAL CITY? You should include a map indicating where one of these is.
What’s driving it? e.g. economics, politics, war, shortages of life necessities?
4) How is the city handling the migration? What are the shortages/excesses associated with the migration? Are these problems new, or just aggravations of pre-existing problems? [Housing, transportation, sewage, water, food are all possibilities, depending on whether your city is in the more or less developed world.]
5) What is the outlook for this city over the next 20 years? If it is coping at the moment, will that be the same in the future? Or is it likely to be unable to cope? If it’s not coping, will it be in a better (worse, unchanged) position to cope in the future?
In those sections, each of which you should investigate, think WHAT and WHY?
For some of you there may not be much information on all points.
Concentrate on the parts most relevant to your city.
Some additional points:
1) IF you can, tell me to which part of the city the new population is going–old central parts or new suburbs or satellite cities connected by bus or train?
2) What kinds of improvements have there been in the city over the past 10-20 years? How have the improvements been helped by the new arrivals?
3) What kinds of problems are being created in these areas–overcrowding, poor transportation, poor sewage and water systems?
4) How much (what fraction) of the migration is related to the lure of the city and how much is related to negative factors in the surrounding rural areas?
Why, for example, did rural migrants go to that particular city rather than another city? In the rural areas where the population originated, was there one dominant negative factor to life, or a terrible event (say a famine due to an El Nino period which bankrupted half the farmers) or was the rural decay slow and steady and tied to a shift to a new crop requiring fewer farmers per square kilometer?
Some error has occured.