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Assignment Questions

Socio-political and Economic Status of Youth in Antigua and Barbuda

Essay Outline: Situational Analysis

1. Executive Summary

2. Background/Overview of the state of Antigua & Barbuda

3. Goals & objectives of the situational analysis

4. Methodology used to complete situational analysis: e.g. primary data (conduct focus

group discussions with selected youth in the community) or secondary data (review of

existing research that explores issues affecting youth in the community or a specific

country or any other research that relates to the issue under study)

5. Summary of Findings/Summary Analysis

a. Analysis (review) of socio-political factors & its impact on the youth in the

community

b. Analysis (review) of socio-political factors & its impact on the youth in the

community

6. Recommendations

7. Youth Development Opportunities: (in this section you should identify opportunities for

the development of youth in your community based on the findings of your analysis, e.g.

opportunities for educational advancement, employment, skills building etc.)

8. Conclusion

9. Bibliography

10. Appendix

What is a situational analysis?

1. When you write a situational analysis, you are identifying a problem then presenting a solution.

Then you explain how the solution should be implemented.

2. A situational analysis provides an insight in the issues you are going to address and therefore in

analyzing the situation you should (a) organize what you already know about the situation and (b)

check your assumptions by looking at existing research and (c) plan and conduct your own

research if needed. Examples of conducting your own research include: focus group discussions

or one-on-one interviews with key informants.

For example, you might assume that high rates of HIV among sex workers should be addressed through

condom promotion geared toward the workers. However, an analysis might reveal that most sex workers

are already using condoms and that a major HIV-driver turns out to be rape by security and police at night

because sex work is illegal. Such insights might lead you to use advocacy to address policy issues. On

the other hand, your analysis might reveal that clients of sex workers try to get around condom use by

paying more for unprotected sex. Such findings might lead you to address condom use among male

clients and to launch a policy effort urging brothel owners to have a condom rule in their establishments.

3. You use a situational analysis to identify strategies to address the problem. Example of a

brief situational analysis:

At the time when the access to AIDS treatment for the general population became a serious problem, the

Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) recognized the absence of any kind of national HIV and AIDS

treatment policy. TAC also realized the low level of awareness and willingness among decision

makers regarding the need to address this public health issue; for example, AIDS treatment services, a

plan to roll out those services to people living with AIDS, and making treatment accessible did not exist

yet. It was clear that the problem simply was not an individual behavior problem (i.e., individuals

choosing not to access treatment), but a greater policy and service-related issue, which, therefore,

required a different solution and communication approach. As a result, TAC adopted a strong advocacy

and social mobilization approach.

What are socio-political factors?

Socio-political factors are issues relating to:

1. Youth Policies

2. Social Policies

3. Government policies affecting youth. E.g. tax policies on education, subsidizing tertiary

studies/education, student loan payments,

4. Social and employment legislations

5. Health

6. Education , e.g. access to education

7. Educational levels

8. Human Rights: e.g. awareness and consciousness of rights as a youth

9. Housing

10. Insurance; for e.g. health insurance ( in Jamaica there is free health care at public health

facilities)

11. The media/press, e.g. use and consumption of mass media and its influence on the youth

12. Social attitudes and social taboos

13. Social practices, beliefs and attitudes

14. Lifestyle choices/lifestyle patterns

15. Changing lifestyle patterns and materialism

16. Family structures

17. Youth Participation/Youth Opinion

18. Role of the youth in society as it relates to: governance, politics, community development,

youth advocacy etc.

What are economic factors?

Economic factors are issues relating to:

1. Unemployment and labour supply

2. Inflation/interest rates/taxation/price fluctuations

3. Standard of living

4. Purchasing power

5. Disposable Income and income distribution

6. Job market/labour market

7. Recession

8. Loans, e.g. availability of student loans

9. Movement of labour, e.g. brain drain

Guide to completing the assignment

1. To analyze the socio-political and economic situation of youth in your community

requires you to:

a. Determine what the socio-political factors are; explain these factors and how they

impact or influence youth in the community. (you may limit these factors to 3

or 4)

b. Determine what the economic factors are; explain these factors and how they

impact or influence youth in the community. (you may limit these factors to 3

or 4)

c. Present a summary of your analysis

d. Make recommendations. Recommendations should include:

i. Solutions to the problems identified

ii. Strategies for implementing the solutions

e. Identify and present the opportunities for the development of youth in your

community based on the findings of your analysis

There are faxes for this order.

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