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Assignment Questions

The Effectiveness of Warning Systems in Tsunami instances

Answer the following 5 questions:

1. How effective is a tsunami warning system in mitigating disasters?

2. In an article written by Nathan Freier (2006), he states that:
“Today, the greatest risk to American position is not defeat at the hands of a peer competitor, but slow voluntary retreat from international activism hastened by a cultural aversion to grand strategic calculation and risk assessment. Quite simply, the end of American primacy may come via a persistent, unwelcome, and unanticipated accumulation of strategic costs, as successive American executives exercise great power without reference to grand design, and as average Americans, their most influential opinion elites, and those states upon whom the United States relies for support grow increasingly weary of the price associated with doing so. Absent a real ends-focused, ways and means-rationalized, and risk-informed grand design, the United States is vulnerable to slow surrender to strategic exhaustion and voluntary retreat from that essential activism necessary to the security of its position in perpetuity.”
(Freier, N. (2006). Primacy Without A Plan. Parameters, 36(3). http://tinyurl.com/2597yc )

What do you think this quote means in terms of risk assessment? Do you agree or disagree? Why?

3. Mitigation is action taken to eliminate or reduce the impact of hazards which exist within a community.
As Director of Homeland Security, what are some additional mitigation measures that you would consider implementing to avoid another 9/11 incident? Do you think that the war in the Middle East increased or decreased the threat of terrorism against the US?

4. Following criticism for its response to the 2001 anthrax attacks, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has placed a high priority on bioterrorism preparedness and subsequently developed a controversial Smallpox Response Plan. See http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/prep/cdc-prep.asp

Why is this plan controversial? Do you think that we are taking the right approach in preparing for bioterrorism? Why or why not?

5. The national response efforts received criticism following the Hurricane Katrina Disaster in 2005. Do you think the national response plan should be modified? Why or why not?

1. Harrald, J. (2006). Agility and Discipline: Critical Success Factors for Disaster Response. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 604(p. 259). http://tinyurl.com/35z8u4
2. Grasser, E. (2005). National Preparedness Plan Faces Challenges. Security Management, 49(10). http://tinyurl.com/2qgqge

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